Thursday, June 25, 2015
Microalgae may be new natural source for antibiotics
Phycologia – Bacteria are resourceful, and their growing resistance to antibiotics has drawn attention and caused concern worldwide. There is an urgent need to find new sources of antibiotics. Among other options, scientists are turning to natural compounds from relatively unexplored microorganisms.
Wednesday, June 17, 2015
Barrier Aids Bone Regrowth After Socket Grafting
Journal of Oral Implantology – The hole left by a pulled tooth is more than just a place where food can get caught and the tongue can “worry” the gap. It is also a place where disease can weaken bone. Surgeons typically fill this hole with socket grafting material, but a barrier placed over the graft may help the bone regrow even faster.
Thursday, June 11, 2015
Painkillers before oral surgery fail to ensure relief
Anesthesia Progress – Giving drugs before surgery to reduce postoperative pain is nothing new. With today’s widespread misuse of prescription drugs for post-operative pain, using drugs before surgery to reduce use of painkillers could be highly desirable. But does it work?
Wednesday, June 3, 2015
Survey Shows Growers Responding to Glyphosate Resistance with More Diversified Weed Management Programs
Weed Technology – A survey featured in the most recent issue of the journal Weed Technology shows that glyphosate-resistant weeds have begun to change the weed management practices used by growers.
Tuesday, May 26, 2015
Geography a Stronger Indicator of Weed Diversity than Glyphosate-Resistant Crop Trait
Weed Science –The potential long-term impacts of glyphosate-resistant crops on biodiversity of the agricultural landscape have been the subject of controversy. A new article in the journal Weed Science describes a large-scale study analyzing the effects of glyphosate-resistant crops on the diversity of agricultural weeds. This study examined 156 field sites with at least a 3-year history of growing glyphosate-resistant crops in six states: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Mississippi, Nebraska, and North Carolina. Researchers analyzed the effects on weed communities of cropping system and crop rotation, including frequency of planting glyphosate-resistant crops.
Thursday, May 21, 2015
New software program assists pathologists with process of perinatal autopsy
Pediatric and Developmental Pathology – After the death of an infant, a thorough postmortem examination can provide needed answers. Fetal and infant autopsy can yield information about the cause of death and risk of recurrence in future pregnancies. It may also provide closure to grieving parents.
Friday, May 1, 2015
Orofacial Clefts and the Impact on Academics
The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal – One of the most common birth defects in the United States is being born with a cleft lip (1 in 940) or a cleft palate (1 in 1574), referred to as orofacial clefts (OFCs). Children with OFCs have faced challenges in school such as cognition, reading, language, hearing, speech, and developmental and behavioral problems, which leads to poor academic achievement compared with their peers.
Thursday, April 30, 2015
Dolly Parton is the inspiration for naming of a new Appalachian lichen species
Castanea—Dolly Parton has gathered another accolade highlighting her connection and contributions to the Appalachian region of America. A new species of lichen, Japewiella dollypartoniana, was recently found in the Appalachian Mountains, home to the singer and philanthropist, and was named in her honor.
Wednesday, April 29, 2015
Intensity and Duration of Invasive Plants Can Guide Management at Microsite Level
Invasive Plant Science and Management—The detrimental effects of invasive nonnative plants on the ecosystem are well-documented. However, the long-term influences on native plant diversity and abundance at the microsite scale are not as extensively studied. This information can help shape management efforts to support recovery of native plant communities.
Monday, April 27, 2015
Parasites vs. Humans: The Last 50 Years
The Journal of Parasitology – The battle between humanity and parasites is a constant struggle. As parasites grow stronger by developing immunities, new treatments must be created in response. On the frontlines of this struggle are parasitologists, scientists who specialize in studying various parasites (including insects, worms, viruses, and bacteria) and their hosts.