Monday, November 17, 2014
Molecular-Assisted Alpha Taxonomy Genetic Testing Reveals Species of Red Algae

Phycologia—The use of molecular-assisted alpha taxonomy (MAAT) has helped to distinguish species of the Bossiella genus of red algae. Whereas a morphological study showed four Bossiella species in the eastern Pacific Ocean, this genetic screening revealed 17 species groups. With genetic data and further morphological study, these groups could be identified, described, and named, or assigned to existing species.

Friday, November 14, 2014
Using Plant Recruitment and Mortality to Support Rangeland Management

Rangeland Ecology & Management – Scientists have been collecting data on the different rangeland plant species since the early 1900s; these data are now being synthesized to build a predictive model of plant mortality and regeneration. The article “Incorporating Plant Mortality and Recruitment Into Rangeland Management and Assessment” in the journal Rangeland Ecology & Management provides an in-depth analysis of how information regarding plant life cycles may change rangeland management from an observatory, reactionary approach to a more predictive one.

Thursday, November 6, 2014
Bison Mating Observations Fall Short of Predicting Reproductive Success

Journal of Mammalogy – Most mammal reproduction studies aim to not only discover who the fathers are but also to learn why some males sire more offspring than others. This is complicated since many male animals, including American bison, mate with multiple females, making it difficult to estimate which males will be the most successful at passing on their genes. 

Wednesday, November 5, 2014
Combinations of Herbicide Treatments and Timing Show Success Against Cogongrass

Invasive Plant Science and Management—A new study reports the successful eradication of patches of the invasive weed cogongrass in the southeastern United States. Ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed worldwide, cogongrass presents an economic and ecological threat. These results offer land managers another option in fighting this noxious weed.

Wednesday, November 5, 2014
Helmets have little effect on correcting deformed infant skulls

The Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal – The head of a healthy newborn has soft spots and sutures that allow the skull to grow and change shape over the first year—sometimes abnormally due to external forces. The medical community is divided on whether an infant’s asymmetrical head shape should be treated, and if so, what is the best treatment for deformed infant skulls. The authors of an article published in the current issue of The Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal observed children with similarly misshapen skulls to determine whether the skull shape improved without the use of a protective molding helmet.

Thursday, October 23, 2014
Annual Burns Impact Hardwood Forests Decades Later

Castanea – In the southeastern United States, large forested areas were cleared, farmed, abandoned, and then burned to keep grasses under control. Some areas have been allowed to grow back into forests in recent decades, but whether they can even partially erase the centuries of human use is uncertain.

Thursday, October 23, 2014
The Popularity of the FLOTAC Method

The Journal of Parasitology – Identifying what ails us is always a daunting task, and we entrust our healthcare professionals with the job of diagnosing our illnesses and curing them. But how do healthcare professionals keep up with new diseases, virus strains, and parasites? Behind the scenes, researchers are hard at work developing faster and more accurate methods of detection to identify the “bugs” that may be the root of our illnesses.

Tuesday, October 21, 2014
California’s Diversity Offers a Stage for the Exploration of Range Management Issues

Rangelands—California’s rangelands feature an enormous diversity of plant and wildlife species. Identifying this diversity and how it influences the management of rangelands is the subject of a special issue of the journal Rangelands as well as the upcoming meeting of the Society for Range Management.

Wednesday, October 15, 2014
Drug-eluting balloon angioplasty shows excellent results for refractory recurrent carotid in-stent restenosis

Journal of Endovascular Therapy—Restenosis, the recurrence of narrowing of the arteries after stenting, is a common risk of this endovascular treatment. There are no well-defined guidelines to treat restenosis, but recent studies have shown excellent results with drug-eluting balloon angioplasty in coronary and femoral artery stents. However, few studies have focused on the carotid arteries, which take blood to the neck and head.

Wednesday, October 8, 2014
SageSTEP Examines Trade-Offs in Sagebrush Steppe Management

Rangeland Ecology & Management – The best intentions may not always be the right ones. Prescribed burns, mowing, and herbicides are important  tools for  managing healthy  rangelands, but these activities also greatly change the environment. Only a long view can reveal whether intent and results align.