Thursday, August 28, 2014
Parasites "Think Big" When Infecting Hosts
Parasites are among the most successful organisms on our planet, and scientists need to know more about how they manipulate their hosts. To boost their chances of survival, parasites may slow the growth of a host, make mating difficult, or weaken the host’s offspring. However, the authors of an article published in the current issue of the Journal of Parasitology say such statements are insufficient to describe the effects of parasites.
Tuesday, August 26, 2014
Little Progress Recorded in Historical Cleft Lip and Palate Treatment
The Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal – The current issue of the Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal presents a historical review of what Western doctors and scientists knew about defects known as cleft lip and palate. The authors of the review sought to verify that treatment and surgical techniques for these malformations were largely esthetic and unchanged until the 19th century.
Tuesday, August 19, 2014
Fur Coloring Defines Subgenera of Bats
Journal of Mammalogy – The Myotis genus consists of a large, diverse group of bats, making it difficult for scientists to clearly define the 7 Myotis subgenera. Without clear distinctions, tracking the development and health of individual bat species becomes more challenging.
Monday, August 18, 2014
ASP Celebrates 100 years of The Journal of Parasitology
Tuesday, August 12, 2014
Survey Examines Weed Management Selection Among Midwest U.S. Organic Growers
Weed Science—Organic farmers report that weeds are one of the biggest obstacles to the production of organic crops. In the field of organic agriculture, weed management is more complex and the use of herbicides is a last choice for weed control. Integrated Weed Management (IWM) systems offer a model for the use of multiple weed control methods that address ecological concerns.
Thursday, July 24, 2014
Species Differences Found Among Algae That Help Corals Fight Climate Change
Phycologia – Corals that build reefs have few defenses against rising ocean temperatures and other effects of global climate change. Among the most important are dense populations of single-celled algae assigned to the dinoflagellate genus Symbiodinium. Several groups of these microalgae are common to coral communities in shallow coastal waters throughout the tropics and subtropics, but few have been designated as separate species even though they are genetically and ecologically quite different.
Thursday, July 24, 2014
A Comparison of Graft Techniques for the Alveolar Ridge Prior to Oral Implant
Journal of Oral Implantology—Success of a dental implant can be affected by the width of the alveolar ridge—an indication of the amount of bone available to hold the implant. A variety of methods exist, each with their own advantages, to determine bone loss and subsequent augmentation techniques. The ridge-split graft is highlighted as a strategy for treating horizontally collapsed alveolar ridges.
Tuesday, July 15, 2014
Baby Turtles Speak to Coordinate Hatching
Chelonian Conservation and Biology – As a species, turtles have been considered to be both silent and deaf, only making simple noises during nesting. However, recent evidence has shown that 47 different turtle species are using sounds to communicate for both reproductive benefits and social interactions.
Monday, July 14, 2014
Changing Paradigms of Sensitive Species Management in Dysfunctional Ecosystems
Rangeland Ecology & Management – The article “Of Grouse and Golden Eggs: Can Ecosystems Be Managed Within a Species-Based Regulatory Framework?” in the journal Rangeland Ecology & Management addresses declining greater sage-grouse populations and the 2015 deadline to afford them Endangered Species Act (ESA) protection as a case study to examine the complex nature of these decisions.
Thursday, July 3, 2014
Invasive Medusahead Causes Significant Issues in the US Great Basin
Invasive Plant Science and Management—Restoring rangelands degraded by invasive annual grasses has proven to be a difficult task. Even with reseeding help, native species have found it hard to compete with invaders across the western United States Great Basin, an area that includes most of Nevada, and parts of California, Oregon, and Utah. A new study helps identify the role certain plant species can play in the successful rehabilitation of rangelands. Restoring more diverse native plants can improve habitat and forage for wildlife and livestock, along with reducing soil erosion and fire risk.